Dementia Matters

About the Host

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Dr. Nathaniel Chin is host of Dementia Matters. He is a geriatrician, memory clinic doctor, and medical director for the Wisconsin Alzheimer's Disease Research Center. His father's diagnosis with early onset Alzheimer’s disease inspired him to pursue a career as a geriatrician and scientist focused on dementia prevention, especially in regard to Alzheimer's disease.

Dementia Matters is a podcast from the Wisconsin Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center. Host Dr. Nathaniel Chin interviews research and caregiving experts and brings listeners the latest Alzheimer's disease headlines, research news, and caregiver resources.

Vote for us!

The Dementia Matters team needs your help! Nominate the podcast for the 16th Annual People’s Choice Podcast Awards. Find Dementia Matters in the Health and People’s Choice categories. Nominations close July 31. Visit the nomination page to cast your vote!

Three Ways to Listen

You can listen to episodes through our website or subscribe to Dementia Matters through ApplePodcasts, Spotify, Podbean, or Stitcher. If you're in Madison, Wisconsin, listen to Dementia Matters on radio station 102.9 WMUU-LP, Fridays at 4:00 p.m., or stream online.

Contact Us

Email your questions and episode suggestions to dementiamatters@medicine.wisc.edu.
Audio Editor: Caoilfhinn Rauwerdink
Producer: Rebecca Wasieleski

Recent Episodes

Elisa Ghezzi, DDS, PhD, joins the podcast to discuss the importance of maintaining oral health throughout one’s life, and especially as one grows older. Discussing the effects of oral health on our systemic health, oral health’s connection to dysphagia, and how caregivers can help dementia patients care for their teeth, Dr. Ghezzi provides insight on how vital it is to care for our oral health as we age.

Guest: Elisa Ghezzi, DDS, PhD, adjunct clinical assistant professor, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, provider, Voiage Portable Dentistry

Episode Topics:

1:15 - How did you get interested in oral health in older adults?

3:28 - Why isn’t there more training or education in general dentistry for an older population?

4:34 - What are oral diseases, and what are their effects on systemic health?

6:00 - Is there an association between oral disease and cognition or cognitive impairment?

8:50 - IDoes inflammation affect oral health?

10:00 - What can be done to prevent oral conditions?

13:39 - What can we do to help protect our teeth?

16:38 - What should older adults and people who are experiencing dementia do about flossing?

19:05 - For our audience members who might be caring for someone who has dementia,, what recommendations would you offer when the person they are caring for is resistant to the act of having someone brush their teeth?

22:10 - What is the relationship between oral health, oral disease, and dysphagia?

28:20 - What is the most pressing issue facing older adults and their oral health care?

 

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Vote for Dementia Matters in the 2021 Podcast Awards! Voting closes July 31st!

Dementia Matters has entered into the 2021 People's Choice Podcast Awards! If you enjoy our show and want to support us, register and vote before July 31st at www.podcastawards.com, and vote for us under the Health and People's Choice categories. We, the Dementia Matters team, hope that by participating, we can continue spreading our message and educate new listeners about Alzheimer’s Disease, Dementia, and brain health.

Our background music is "Cases to Rest" by Blue Dot Sessions.

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Neurologist and author Daniel Gibbs, PhD, joins the podcast to discuss his recent book, “A Tattoo on My Brain,” which details his journey from treating Alzheimer’s disease clinically for 25 years to being diagnosed with early-stage Alzheimer’s. Dr. Gibbs discusses early signs he experienced and daily life with the disease, as well as thoughts on the recent FDA-approved treatment aducanumab (marketed as Aduhelm). Guest: Daniel Gibbs, PhD, neurologist

Episode Topics:

  • What inspired the title of your book, “A Tattoo on the Brain”? 1:01

  • What were these early signs of Alzheimer's disease that you recognized in yourself? 3:42

  • What were your impressions of the clinic process, and where is there room for improvement? 8:08

  • Can you share your view on family history? 9:17

  • What do you say to people about direct-to-consumer genetic testing, both as a recipient and as a clinician? 10:57

  • Did knowing your risk of Alzheimer's disease help or harm you? 12:42

  • Did you find any habit difficult to incorporate into your day? 13:17

  • How important was it for you to be involved in research and what did you gain from being a research participant? 17:15

  • How do you feel about the recent FDA approval of aducanumab for clinical use? 20:25

  • As a patient, would you sign up for this drug, and if you were still working as a neurologist, would you prescribe this drug? 22:59

  • How do you find the balance between enjoying daily life and engaging proactive activities meant to improve the future? 24:49

  • How can we reframe the way people understand Alzheimer's disease? 28:18

  • Was it difficult to publicly discuss your experience, and what have you learned from this process? 29:52

  • What do you hope the reader takes away from your book? 31:15

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For our 100th episode of Dementia Matters, Nina Silverberg, PhD, director of the Alzheimer's Disease Research Centers (ADRC) Program at the National Institute on Aging (NIA), joins the podcast to offer an overview of the ADRC Program as well as insight into the state of Alzheimer’s Disease research and its future. The NIA funds more than 30 Alzheimer’s Disease Research Centers across the country, including the Wisconsin ADRC. Guest: Nina Silverberg, PhD, National Institute on Aging

Visit alzheimers.gov for information about Alzheimer's disease and related dementias, living with Alzheimer's disease, and caring for someone with the disease. The NIA's website provides helpful information about brain donation and offers a variety of publications on health topics related to dementia and aging.

Episode Topics:

  • How did you get involved with Alzheimer's disease? 1:32
  • How has Alzheimer's disease research changed over the last 15 years? 3:22
  • Brief history of the NIA’s ADRC Program: 4:46
  • What role do the centers play in the field of Alzheimer's disease research and treatment? 6:24
  • How do the centers collaborate with one another? 7:48
  • What is your vision for the future of the ADRC Program? 9:47
  • How does the NIA report their process and findings to the public? 12:03
  • How does the NIA collaborate with other groups conducting research? 13:18
  • Are blood-based biomarkers the future of Alzheimer's disease research? 18:23
  • Do you think there will be more focus on other pathologies in the future? 20:09
  • How can Alzheimer's disease researchers help impact clinical care? 23:37
  • What area of Alzheimer's disease research fascinates you the most? 24:40
  • How close do you think we are to solving or curing Alzheimer's disease? 26:43

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Neuropsychologist and author Michelle Braun, PhD, joins the podcast to talk about lifestyle changes that can support brain health. “We have the ability to make our brain younger than our chronological age,” she says. Braun shares how and details strategies from her new book, “High-Octane Brain: 5 Science-Based Steps to Sharpen Your Memory and Reduce Your Risk of Alzheimer’s.” Hear about common misconceptions around aging, three possible brain health trajectories, and how to maximize your brain health. Guest: Michelle Braun, PhD

 

Episode Topics:

  • What are the most common complaints that can be attributed to normal aging? 1:29
  • What are the main misconceptions of aging? 3:25
  • What are the three possible brain health trajectories? 5:00
  • What does a high-octane brain trajectory look like? 6:55
  •  What are the three navigational forces that influence brain health trajectories? 8:21
  •  What is epigenetics? 10:35
  • What are the five lifestyle factors that make up EXCELS?  13:01
  • How did you come up with the order of these lifestyle changes? 14:18
  • What do you tell your patients about the benefits of exercise? How do you recommend they start? 16:20
  • What diet do you recommend to support brain health? 20:06
  • What have you found to be the biggest struggle in following the diet? 22:21
  • How should a person get started with the MIND diet and what should be avoided? 23:27
  • What is your response when patients ask about supplements? 24:46
  • What are your thoughts on alcohol consumption and brain health? 26:07

 

Dr. Braun will be a guest speaker at the Wisconsin Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center’s "Healthy Living with Mild Cognitive Impairment: Nutrition in Action" class on June 18, 2021. The class will be held virtually on Zoom and is free and open to the public. Register Here.

 

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Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco found that among older adults with cognitive impairment, the greater the air pollution in their neighborhood, the higher the likelihood of the presence of amyloid plaques in their brain. Lead researcher Leonardo Iaccarino, PhD, details his work examining air pollution and brain health outcomes and discusses possible ways individuals and society can lower the impact of air pollution on Alzheimer’s disease risk. Guest: Leonardo Iaccarino, PhD, University of California San Francisco Memory and Aging Center

 

Episode Topics:

  • What sparked your interest in neuroscience and Alzheimer's disease research? 1:06
  • Why is your research so pivotal? 2:21
  • What was the IDEAS Study? 4:12
  • What kinds of air pollution are you referring to? 6:09
  • What can generate PM2.5? 7:45
  • Are cars or factories potential sources? 8:50
  • How does air pollution increase risk for Alzheimer's disease? 9:15
  • Is there a further increased risk after long exposure? 11:00
  • Why is it important that there was no link to ground-level ozone? 12:04
  • Did you look into the APOE4 genetic risk from air pollution? 14:32
  • What should people do with this information? 16:19
  • Is there a way to find your own neighborhood value of PM2.5? 18:44
  • Do you see any policy or system changes in the future from your findings? 19:55
  • Do you believe there might be other environmental factors that increase risk? 21:03
  • What do you do in your life to decrease risk for neurodegeneration? 21:57

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Inappropriate sexual behavior is a common yet rarely discussed symptom in individuals with dementia. Author Elizabeth Marcus writes about her personal experience with her father’s behavioral changes in her new book, “Don’t Say a Word!: A Daughter’s Two Cents.” Elizabeth shares what she learned caring for her father, as well as advice for caregivers responding to the symptoms. Neurologist Dr. Martin Samuels offers background on changes in the brain that can cause inappropriate sexual behavior and other personality shifts that are common in people with dementia. Guest: Elizabeth Marcus, author; Martin Allen Samuels, MD, Brigham and Women's Hospital

Episode Topics:

  • What is your book about? 1:09
  • How did you react to your father’s request? 3:08
  • What did you learn about the experience? 4:04
  • What did you learn about the relationship between sex and dementia? 5:29
  • What is the key message of your book? 6:50
  • How common are these situations? 8:33
  • Are there physical changes in the brain that explain these symptoms? 9:10
  • Why do some individuals with memory loss develop these symptoms, while others don’t? 12:44
  • How can family members respond to the situation once it becomes uncomfortable? 14:51
  • What advice do you have for family member’s going through this experience? 17:27
  • What types of education or resources do you provide caregivers? 19:30
  • How do you respond to caregivers looking into medication for the symptoms? 21:55
  • What is your experience with the stigma around sex and individuals with memory loss? 23:44
  • Any suggestions for overcoming the discomfort and respectfully addressing these symptoms? 26:33

Visit Elizabeth Marcus’ author website to learn about her new book, “Don’t Say a Word! A Daughter’s Two Cents.”

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Being Patient is an online news source dedicated to providing research news, caregiver information and resources related to Alzheimer's disease. Being Patient founder Deborah Kan discusses how her personal experiences led her to develop the website, as well as how online resources and communities can help empower individuals affected by memory loss. Guest: Deborah Kan, journalist, founder of beingpatient.com

Episode Topics:

  • What inspired you to leave a career in journalism and launch Being Patient? 0:58
  • How do you decide on the topics you cover? 4:18
  • How does social media help build a community through connection? 9:14
  • Have you found a certain communication platform that has better reach? 11:25
  • What have you learned from caregivers through your work? 13:49
  • Can you offer recommendations for finding reliable online sources for health information? 18:58
  • Why is it important for the scientific community to have a separate organization that discusses the research? 23:34
  • What topics in Alzheimer's disease research have been the most impactful? 27:35

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Dr. Jason Karlawish discusses society’s role in addressing care for individuals with memory loss, as well as current stigmas around Alzheimer’s disease, Wealthcare, and his cautious optimism for the future of Alzheimer’s disease research and care. This is the final episode in our four-part series with Dr. Karlawish on his new book, "The Problem of Alzheimer's: How Science, Culture, and Politics Turned a Rare Disease Into a Crisis and What We Can Do About It.” Guest: Jason Karlawish, MD, co-director, Penn Memory Center

Episode Topics:

  • How do you live a good life when you’re slowly losing your ability to live life? 0:56
  • How do home and work fit in your life after a mild cognitive impairment diagnosis? 2:21
  • What are your recommendations on home looseness and time slips? 4:34
  • How can we improve care facilities? 10:04
  • What is Wealthcare? 11:19
  • Why haven’t caregivers been given greater support in our system? 13:32
  • What do you mean by time, task and truth in caregiving? 15:13
  • What are steps we can take to improve the care for individuals with mild cognitive impairments? 17:34
  • What do you mean by stigma in Alzheimer's disease? 19:37
  • What worries you about the effects of this stigma? 22:00
  • With a new presidential administration, what should be the top priorities as a country for preparing for Alzheimer’s and improving the lives of individuals with memory loss? 24:21

Learn more about Jason Karlawish's book

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Dr. Jason Karlawish joins the podcast for the third installment in our series on his new book, "The Problem of Alzheimer's: How Science, Culture, and Politics Turned a Rare Disease Into a Crisis and What We Can Do About It". In this episode, Dr. Karlawish discusses the healthcare system’s role in Alzheimer’s disease and what it needs to do better to care for individuals with dementia and help them live well. Guest: Jason Karlawish, MD, co-director, Penn Memory Center

Episode Topics:

  • What did you learn about the healthcare system in your work with Beverly and Darren Johnson? 1:33
  • What do we need in healthcare to better care for individuals with cognitive impairment? 3:25
  • Do we need more memory care specialists in the field, or can primary care physicians do this work? 5:32
  • How do we encourage more individuals into enter the geriatric care medical field? 7:38
  • How do we increase the number of memory centers and how should they function within our current healthcare system? 9:22
  • Why is it important to discuss delirium? 11:14
  • What does a multidisciplinary team offer in dementia care? 13:03
  • What services and supports do you envision for the healthcare system? 14:57
  • The importance of being respectful in communication and interaction with older adults. 18:06
  • What did you learn from working with Dr. Jeffrey Kaye from the Oregon Center for Aging and Technology (ORCATECH)? 20:34
  • What role does our government have in addressing this humanitarian crisis? 23:13

Learn more about Jason Karlawish's book

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Dr. Jason Karlawish returns to the podcast to continue our discussion on his new book, The Problem of Alzheimer's: How Science, Culture, and Politics Turned a Rare Disease Into a Crisis and What We Can Do About It. In this episode, Dr. Karlawish discusses pivotal cultural and political moments that influenced Alzheimer’s disease research, as well as the possibilities of drug treatments in the future. Guest: Jason Karlawish, MD, co-director, Penn Memory Center

Episode Topics:

  • Who is the unwitting revolutionary? 1:11
  • What happened to the early German scientists researching Alzheimer’s disease? 6:03
  • What essay was released in 1976 and why was it pivotal to Alzheimer’s research? 7:25
  •  How did the changes in psychiatry, geriatric care and gender roles affect Alzheimer’s disease research? 10:42
  • What was the internal struggle over a name? 14:51
  • What were key moments in U.S. political history that influenced Alzheimer’s disease? 18:19
  • Where do you think the U.S. went wrong in approaching Alzheimer’s disease? 21:05
  • How is Alzheimer’s disease a humanitarian crisis? 22:43
  • What is your opinion on the drug approach for Alzheimer’s disease? 23:53
  •  Do you have hope for a pill treatment in the future? 24:48

 

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Physician and author Dr. Jason Karlawish joins the podcast for the first installment of a four-part series centered around his new book, The Problem of Alzheimer's: How Science, Culture, and Politics Turned a Rare Disease Into a Crisis and What We Can Do About It. In the book, Karlawish blends history and science to detail the most important breakthroughs in diagnosing and treating Alzheimer’s disease. He also offers an argument for how we can live with dementia and proposes reforms we can make as a society that would give caregivers and patients better quality of life. In this episode, Dr. Chin and Dr. Karlawish discuss Alzheimer’s disease in a historical context and the disease's changing meaning. Guest: Jason Karlawish, MD, co-director, Penn Memory Center

Episode Topics:

  • Why did you choose to focus on the history of Alzheimer’s disease? 1:37
  • Why is it so important to use correct terminology in the clinic? 2:40
  • What do you say to patients when you diagnose Alzheimer’s disease? 3:54
  • How do you help people understand the meaning of an Alzheimer’s diagnosis? 5:39
  • Are there any specific experiences you’ve had when diagnosing patients? 7:25
  • What was the first breakthrough in Alzheimer’s research? 9:21
  • What did you discover about the history of Mild Cognitive Impairment? 11:27
  • Why are Bill Klunk and Chester Mathis so important to Alzheimer’s research? 17:50
  • Would Klunk & Mathis’ methods be allowed in present-day research? 21:41
  • What happened at the 2013 MEDCAC meeting and why is it significant? 22:32

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In a recent study, health economist Lauren Nicholas, PhD, found older adults who go on to be diagnosed with dementia are more likely to miss payments on bills as early as six years before a diagnosis. Dr. Nicholas joins the podcast to discuss her research findings, how financial symptoms could be used as early predictors of dementia, signs that may indicate financial trouble due to dementia, and resources for managing your own or a loved one’s finances early. Guest: Lauren Nicholas, PhD, associate professor, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Episode Topics:

  • How was the study designed? 1:00
  • Who did you look at for in the study? 5:09
  • What are your findings? 6:12
  • Do you think the financial impact is different based on the amount of family members? 9:24
  • What types of resources are available? 11:01
  • What do you hope this research will lead to? 13:32
  • What are clues to watch for financial trouble due to cognitive decline? 15:47
  • How do you see financial information being useful for understanding dementia in the future? 17:33

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Growing research has shown that music can have a profound impact on individuals with memory loss. Right to Music is an organization dedicated to promoting use of personal music by families and professionals caring for people with dementia and other cognitive challenges. Founder Dan Cohen joins the podcast to discuss how music can affect memory loss and tips for starting music therapy. Guest: Dan Cohen, founder, Right to Music

Episode Topics:

  • What inspired you to introduce music to people with memory loss? 1:10
  • What brought you to music? 2:36
  • What has research found around music therapy? 4:56
  • What do you believe it is about music that is unique? 11:31
  • Does genre of music matter? 14:16
  • How can music help bring people together? 17:00
  • How do you recommend a person start? 18:52
  • Do you have any additional tips? 20:20
  • Which songs help you on your playlist? 21:51

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Visiting the emergency department can be a challenging experience for individuals with memory loss and their caregivers. Dr. Manish Shah joins the podcast to discuss the difficulties people with dementia face in the emergency department and offers tips for making the most out of a visit. Guest: Manish Shah, MD, MPH, professor, BerbeeWalsh Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Episode Topics:

  • How many older adults visit emergency departments annually? 1:00
  • Why are adults with dementia twice as likely to seek emergency care compared to older adults who don't have dementia? 2:19
  • What are some of the difficulties that people with dementia may experience when they're in the emergency department? 5:10
  • Is there training for emergency department physicians to modify how they approach people with dementia? 7:22
  • Do you have any recommendations to offer that would improve the visit in the emergency department for people with dementia? 9:02
  • What is your team of researchers studying? 13:42
  • What kind of resources do these types of centers bring to your research or research like this? 15:45
  • What do you hope to accomplish with the funding that you've now received? 17:42
  • Why is it important to study and create these resources in emergency departments across the country? 19:24
  • Is there a day or a time that would be better for a person to go in? 20:29

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Dr. Lindsay Clark’s new study will evaluate the psychological consequences of disclosing amyloid test results to cognitively unimpaired adults. Dr. Clark joins the podcast to define amyloid accumulation and discuss how her study will examine the process of revealing amyloid results to research participants in Alzheimer’s disease research studies. Guest: Lindsay Clark, PhD, assistant professor, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Episode Topics:

  • What is amyloid accumulation and its relationship to Alzheimer’s disease? 1:13
  • How are you measuring amyloid in living people? 3:14
  • Are newer methods like PET scans reliable? 5:56
  • Do patients learn the results of these scans? 6:20
  • Do research participants ever learn their results? 7:30
  • Who is the target population for studying amyloid scans? 8:44
  • Why does disclosing the results take so many careful considerations? 9:35
  • What do you think are the components of a good disclosure? 11:48
  • Are you disclosing specific numbers of the results? 14:16
  • Why does your study focus on amyloid PET scan results? 16:31
  • Do you believe the key concepts of disclosure can work with other biomarker studies? 18:33

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In this special holiday bonus episode, we are joined by poet laureate, writer, and senior outreach specialist, Dr. Fabu Carter, to discuss the impact of poetry on memory loss and a reading of her poem “For Our Beloved Elders with Memory Loss." Guest: Fabu Carter, PhD, MA, Senior Outreach Specialist, University of Wisconsin of Medicine and Public Health

Episode Topics:

  • What is the importance of poetry on Alzheimer’s Disease? 1:20
  • Reading of "For Our Beloved Elders with Memory Loss" 4:51

Recent developments have introduced a blood-based test that could predict Alzheimer’s disease, with more of these tests currently in development. Dr. Sterling Johnson joins the podcast to discuss the significance and accuracy of these blood tests, as well as the impact it will have on Alzheimer’s disease research and care. Guest: Sterling Johnson, PhD, professor of medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Episode Topics:

  • What do biomarkers like brain imaging and cerebrospinal fluid tell us about Alzheimer’s disease? 1:18
  • What is the significance of a blood-based biomarker test? 6:08
  • What does the blood test tell us about brain health? 8:14
  • How accurate are the tests? 9:02
  • How are proteins like amyloid or tau found in the bloodstream? 10:28
  • What kind of precautionary steps should be taken before these tests can become readily available? 12:23
  • When do you think these tests will become available? 15:30
  • What do you think is the timeline for the tau protein blood tests? 16:26

A study from the University of Wisconsin found 40% of geriatric memory patients were deficient in at least one vitamin linked to brain health. Vitamins tested in this study included B1, B6, B12, and D, all of which play an important role in brain health. Dr. Robert Przybelski joins the podcast to discuss his study, the influence of vitamin deficiency on brain health, and the potential consequences of vitamin deficiency when treating a patient for a memory condition. Guest: Robert Przybelski, MD, associate professor, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Episode Topics:

  • Why is it important to look for vitamin deficiencies during a memory evaluation? 1:19

  • What were your research findings? 2:03

  • What do you focus on during a memory evaluation? 5:13

  • Is there a difference between normal vitamin levels and optimal levels? 6:40

  • What supplements do you take? 7:42

  • What diet do you think promotes brain health? 8:06

  • Why does your research look at general patients rather than participants? 8:41

For individuals concerned with memory loss, the first few steps for screening and diagnosis can be the most intimidating. Dr. Cynthia Carlsson discusses recent progress in Alzheimer’s disease research, health disparities some groups face with the disease, and advice for individuals and caregivers who have concerns about memory loss. Guest: Cynthia Carlsson, MD, MS, professor, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, and director, Wisconsin Alzheimer’s Institute 

Episode Topics

  • What is the current state of Alzheimer's disease research? 1:41
  • Is there more funding toward Alzheimer's disease research and care? 2:59
  • How has awareness of Alzheimer’s disease impacted diagnosis? 4:12
  • What are the health disparities we see in Alzheimer’s disease? 7:46
  • What are the benefits for early screening for Alzheimer’s disease? 11:07
  • How does an early diagnosis affect family members or caregivers?  13:36
  • Where should individuals concerned with memory loss look for resources? 15:06
  • Are there ramifications in research for early diagnosis? 16:08
  • What is your advice for individuals concerned with memory loss? 16:50

On October 27th, the NBC drama series This Is Us will return for a fifth season. An integral storyline in the show is the diagnosis of one of the main characters, Rebecca Pearson, with Mild Cognitive impairment (MCI). In this bonus episode, our host Dr. Chin helps define MCI and its potential causes and misconceptions.

Episode Topics:

  • What is Mild Cognitive Impairment? 1:37
  • Difference between MCI and Dementia: 3:29
  • Potential causes for MCI: 4:40

As intermittent fasting has risen in popularity over the last decade, researchers have been exploring its long-term effects on physical health. Dr. Mark Mattson joins to discuss his research on metabolic switching, caloric restrictions, and the cognitive benefits from intermittent fasting. Guest: Mark P. Mattson, PhD, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Neurology

Episode Topics:

  • Defining Intermittent fasting: 1:08
  • How long does it take for a metabolic switch? 2:02
  • How is this process different from normal dietary recommendations? 3:44
  • What did you find in your research on the effects of intermittent fasting on health? 5:36
  • Are there cognitive benefits to intermittent fasting? 8:12
  • Can intermittent fasting and caloric restrictions improve the brain’s health? 9:49
  • How does our modern lifestyles affect our brain and overall health? 16:07
  • Is there any evidence that one way of intermittent fasting is better?17:54
  • Are there any long-term consequences of intermittent fasting? 20:30
  • What do you do in your life to improve your brain health? 22:39

Aerobic exercise is often a recommendation for maintaining cognitive well-being, however its true connections to brain health are still being investigated to learn its effects on Alzheimer’s disease. Wisconsin ADRC exercise physiologist and researcher Max Gaitán joins the podcast to discuss the recent pilot study “Protocol of Aerobic Exercise and Cognitive Health (REACH)” and the study’s future research into the impact of aerobic exercise on brain health. Guest: Max Gaitán, MEd, Research Specialist, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health Department of Medicine

Episode topics:

  • What were the goals for the REACH study? 1:56
  • Was it difficult to recruit participants for the study? 3:18
  • What else did you learn from your participants?  4:22
  • Did you see any issues with retention in participants? 5:06
  • What were the results of the study? 5:42
  • What does improved glucose metabolism in the brain mean? 6:57
  • Does exercise improve the health of the brain cells? 7:43
  • What are the goals of studying metabolomics? 8:55 
  • What did you define as usual physical activity? 9:47
  • How were the exercise targets chosen? 10:38
  • Are there studies researching high intensity interval training? 12:39

 

Human factors engineering is the study and design of interactive systems, tools and technologies to best assist individuals in need. We are joined by Nicole Werner, PhD, an engineer working on a mobile technology to serve the lives of informal caregivers. Guest: Nicole Werner, PhD, Harvey D. Spangler Assistant Professor in the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Episode topics:

  • Explanation of the field of human factors engineering: 1:05
  • The challenges of informal caregiving: 2:22
  • What are some useful user friendly features for the app? 5:32
  • How is the app being tested and improved? 11:38
  • How do you know when the app will be ready for launch? 14:15
  • Does your lab work with other technology tools for individuals with dementia and their caregivers? 15:55
  • As consumers, what are the essential features that we should look for in technology assistance?: 18:10
  • Have you encountered any tools you’ve found helpful? 20:07
  • What have you learned about caregiving in your work? 22:55

Almost two-thirds of Americans with Alzheimer’s disease are women. In the Alzheimer’s disease research field, there is an interest in understanding the sex-specific differences in the risk and development of this disease. Dr. Michelle Mielke joins to discuss some of these differences as well as how pregnancy and menopause might affect cognition. Guest: Michelle Mielke, PhD, Mayo Clinic Rochester

Episode Topics:

  • What are the sex differences in the development of dementia? 4:09
  • What are explanations for these differences? 7:57
  • What role does pregnancy and menopause play in the development of cognitive disorders? 10:09 
  • Could menopausal hormone replacement therapy affect the cognitive development of dementia in individuals? 14:32
  • Are there sex differences in the genetic risk of APOE? 21:30
  • What do you do in your personal life to maintain brain health? 24:31